Flam Railway, Flam, Norway

The Steepest Railway in the World: Flåm Railway

What has hairpin turns, 20 tunnels and a 5.5% gradient over 20.2 km? The Flambasna Railroad, or Flåm Railway as it is often called. Taking you from the mountain top town of Myrdal right down into the tiny town of Flåm this train journey is one of the steepest in the world where most of the route is at a 5.5% gradient as it descends 863 meters into the valley below.

Flam Railway, Flam, Norway

Peering outside your window you will see mountains, valleys, waterfalls and beautiful sprawling landscapes. After reading that the Flåm Railway was the one of the steepest railroads in the world that run on a regular track, and that it was also voted one of the most beautiful train journeys in the world by numerous publications, we decided that we just had to venture out into the Norwegian countryside to see it for ourselves–even if we were only in the country for 3.5 days.

Flam Railway, Flam, Norway

Flam Railway, Flam, Norway

Flam Railway, Flam, Norway

Flam Railway, Flam, Norway

Traveling from Oslo to Flåm is a long ride–in total it takes around 5.5 hours each way. You first have to take a 4.5 hour train from Olso to Myrdal and then you switch to the Flåm Railway which takes you down into the valley in about an hour. If you so choose, you can also hike into Flåm, but I’ve heard mixed reviews about the path. It looked like a beautiful hike, but we were too exhausted at that point to hike down the mountain like we planned. I’m so glad we took the train round trip–although the hike looked amazing, it also looked pretty strenuous, so the comfort of the unique train ride was perfect.

Flam Railway, Flam, Norway Flam Railway, Flam, Norway

Upon entering the train cabin of the Flåm Railway, you are greeted with a nostalgic feel–the walls are wood and the seats are a burnt orangish red color. Stepping into this train car feels a little like you are stepping back in time to the golden era of train travel.

Flam Railway, Flam, Norway Flam Railway, Flam, Norway

The initial planning for the Flåm Railway started in 1871, and in 1908 the parliament in Norway gave it a spot in their countrywide railway plan. Construction officially started in 1924, and although completion was planned for 1940 the railway wasn’t officially open until 1941. Because of the steep gradient, the 20.2 km track had to be constructed with 20 tunnels right through the side of the mountain; 18 of these tunnels had to be carved by hand. Needless to say, this project was quite a tough engineering feat, and it took hundreds of workers to complete. One of the tunnels, the Vatnahalsen, is 880 meters long and actually makes a 180° turn inside of the mountain. The most interesting view along the track is near the longest tunnel, Nåli; here you can see where the track twists and turns through 4 different levels as well as the old winding road with over 20 hairpin turns.

Flam Railway, Flam, Norway

At numerous points along the journey you are traveling through black tunnels, but during most of the trip you can stare out the window at jaw dropping scenes. Make sure to get off the train when it makes a photo stop at the Kjosfossen Waterfall–you are in for a little surprise. Suddenly, music starts playing from seemingly out of nowhere and a women emerges to dance near the waterfalls edge, which was a neat little addition to an already exciting train ride. Continuing further down the line at Berekvam station you can wave at the passing train at the only section of the railway where there are twin-tracks which enable the trains to pass by one another.

Flam Railway, Flam, Norway

Flam Railway, Flam, Norway Flam Railway, Flam, Norway

Before you know it, you have twisted and turned your way to the bottom of the Flåm valley and right to the innermost edge of the Sognefjord. The magnificent views are not gone yet, Flåm and the surrounding fjord will continue to deliver.

Flam Railway, Flam, Norway

Flam Railway, Flam, Norway

Many people choose to take this train ride along the “Norway in a nutshell tour”, but we suggest spending a day or two in the village of Flåm as this little town has much more to offer than you would expect at first sight.

Flam Railway, Flam, Norway

Throughout its history, the Flåm Railway has had many ups and downs, but after the marketing and sales was transferred from Norway’s national train service to a private company, the line has improved dramatically, and it now carries over 630,000 passengers per year, and I can see why!

Flam Railway, Flam, Norway Flam Railway, Flam, Norway

Do you like train travel? What’s the prettiest train ride you’ve been on?



  • acrosstheneversky
    Posted at 10:35h, 22 August Reply

    Really neat railroad!
    acrosstheneversky recently posted…my infatuation with the DMy Profile

    • Jenna Kvidt
      Posted at 11:01h, 22 August Reply

      It was a lot of fun to ride 🙂 Thanks for stopping by!

  • Chukkit
    Posted at 10:42h, 22 August Reply

    Thanks! I really love waterfalls and cataracts to hike by. Your post was eye candy.

    I wish that you had gone into a little more detail on whatzup in Flam Village. Lodging, Eats and whatnot.
    So, the Flam Train and hiking is now on my bucket list, for sure!

    • Jenna Kvidt
      Posted at 11:04h, 22 August Reply

      Thanks! It really was a beautiful place–glad you’ve added it to your bucket list! We really enjoyed it there and wish we had time to stay longer!

      I will definitely be sharing more about what do in Flåm–just saving it for a separate post 🙂 It will probably be up next week, so you will have to check back!

  • Michelle Smith
    Posted at 22:00h, 24 August Reply

    The pictures are phenomenal. You did a great job giving us the feel of the train and the view. Is this a normal passenger train or is this a specific tourist train? The lady dancing at the waterfall is an interesting effect! great post!

    • Jenna Kvidt
      Posted at 00:14h, 28 August Reply

      Thank, Michelle! I think the train is a little of both. It is touristy, but there aren’t many roads in the area, so it seems to be fairly functional as well. It was definitely pretty though!

  • Carolyn
    Posted at 07:39h, 27 August Reply

    Fantastic post, Jenna. Your photos are wonderful and really show off the beauty of Flam.

    It’s an awesome train ride (I went from Flam to Oslo) and loved every minute of it. You’ve summed the journey up perfectly!
    Carolyn recently posted…Scenery, sunshine and saddle bags: My Austrian Lakes cycling tourMy Profile

    • Jenna Kvidt
      Posted at 00:18h, 28 August Reply

      Thanks, Carolyn! Glad you enjoyed it as well–I thought it was so pretty too! It really is a fun ride to take, isn’t it? 🙂

  • Emma
    Posted at 09:52h, 27 August Reply

    Ah! I’m so in love with these photos! Especially love the 2nd one – red house in the middle of no where surrounded by patches of snow just screams Scandinavia, right?! Love it guys 🙂
    Emma recently posted…Why I Owe My Life to TravelMy Profile

    • Jenna Kvidt
      Posted at 00:19h, 28 August Reply

      Thanks, Emma! I agree, it does seem to scream Scandinavian! There were so many cute little houses in the middle of what seemed like nowhere–they were fun to see!

  • Swati Singh
    Posted at 01:40h, 30 August Reply

    Such an amazing place 🙂
    Swati Singh recently posted…Daulatabad Fort – The Abode of WealthMy Profile

  • kesari
    Posted at 22:07h, 24 May Reply

    I love traveling in train specially when going to hill station. You make my day by posting such a nice pic .

  • Pablo M.
    Posted at 17:25h, 20 November Reply

    Great pictures and article, but the initial data is way way wrong. It does not have 55% gradient at any point. It ascends 860 metres over 20 I’m, that is a 4.3% average. I just have been there and I doubt that it’s peak gradiant is over 10%. For some context the Bergen Funicular (Fløibanen) has a gradient under 35% and that is a steep cable train. For the Flam railway to be 55% it had to be pretty much an elevator.
    With this error in mind I doubt it is even the steepest railway in the world, although I have not data of that.

    Kind regards

    • Jenna Kvidt
      Posted at 01:38h, 29 November Reply

      Thanks for the comment! Apologies–you are right–there was a missing “.” in there. It should be 5.5% gradient and I have corrected the post to reflect that. But regardless of my error, the Flambasna Railroad is still the steepest railway running on a regular track. The Pilatusbahn in Switzerland is at a steeper gradient, but it does not run on a regular line like this train. It runs on a rack railway which is in a different category, and a funicular runs on a completely different type of track system, as well.. Hope you had a great time in Norway!

  • NavbharatTours
    Posted at 04:09h, 01 May Reply

    Clean and neat railroad the photo of waterfalls are very good

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